There are a huge number of dermatological diseases. One of the most common skin diseases – psoriasis. Treatment of psoriasis is a very relevant topic in modern medicine. Thousands of pharmaceutical companies are daily releasing new tools for getting rid of this disease, but today there is no medicine that can once and for all eliminate the disease. In this article, find out all about psoriasis and its treatment, and also we will try to answer such common questions as what to do for psoriasis how to get rid of psoriasis and also is it possible to cure psoriasis once and for all.
What is psoriasis
The disease refers to diseases of noninfectious nature, which cannot be transferred to household, sexual, airborne, or in any other way. Many patients believe that this disease affects only the skin, but it is not. The disease has several types, which can occur not only on the skin, and have a negative impact on the nails, joints and some internal organs.
So what is psoriasis. The person with healthy skin the cycle of maturation and division of skin cells is about 28 to 30 days psoriasis this period is reduced tenfold and is only 4-6 days. Because of this still-immature cells begin to divide and wither away, resulting on the skin and form a nasty white or grayish scales. Scientists around the world still can't figure out the exact reasons why this process occurs. Only a few known triggers that can cause relapse and aggravation of the disease.
Most scholars tend to argue that psoriatic illness refers to an incurable disease and to get rid of it could not be anyone else. Also long known that it is unrealistic to cure psoriasis or one of the treatments. Sooner or later the disease returned with renewed vigor.
The disease can occur in men, women and even children. According to some statistics it is known that more prone to the disease people who live in countries with cold and humid climate. Also at risk are young people aged 18 to 25 years of age and older patients after 45-50 years of both sexes. Few children get sick less and their pathology can occur in atypical form, there are those without the characteristic symptoms of psoriasis such as scales, itching and flaking.
Dangerous than the disease
Do not assume that in addition to aesthetic problems psoriasis is not able to cause serious harm to the body. Symptoms such as itching, redness, peeling is only a small part of what can provoke this disease. Experts say that many patients often develop this form of the disease like psoriatic arthritis. This is a serious joint damage and cartilage, which may even lead to disability. Also to complications of psoriasis may include the following symptoms:
- Defeat and deformity of the nails.
- The mucosal. It can also be diseases of the bladder and urethra.
- On the background of pathology can develop serious diseases of the gastric mucosa.
- Often suffers the liver, it increases in size and ceases to perform its functions.
- In addition, patients often arise complications such as seizures, depression, delusions and many other psychological disorders.
- Among the common complications of persistent muscle and joint pain, excessive weight loss.
- There have been cases of myocardial infarction, stroke, heart failure and other diseases.
- Often, enlarged lymph nodes, especially in the crotch area and hips.
These are just some of the consequences that can result from the disease. The list goes on and on, but without this it is clear that psoriasis is a severe disease that require serious and timely treatment.
The reasons for the development of the disease
At the present stage of studies of psoriasis scientists and medical experts failed to come to a common opinion about the exact reasons of the disease development. Representatives of various theories adhere to points of view that explain the possible causes of rapid skin cell division. Next, we consider the most popular theory of the development of the disease.
This is one of the main and most accurate causes of the disease. Immunity is a natural person able to cope with many diseases. Sometimes under the influence of various factors of immunity gives some failures. The representatives of this theory believe that psoriasis occurs as a consequence of incorrect reactions of the immune system on the cells of the dermis. In other words, the immune cells begin to attack the skin cells, perceiving them as aggressors. The result is severe itching, redness and inflammation.
The other point of view is the genetic theory. Her supporters believe that psoriasis is inherited. According to medical statistics, more than 50% of all patients suffering from pathology, disease suffered by one of the parents. In addition, if the mother or father suffer a disease, the risk of development of psoriasis in a child increases by 25% if similar disease suffer both parents, the risk increases more than 50%.
Hormonal balance of the body plays a very important role. The endocrine system, which consists of such organs as the thyroid, pancreas and pituitary gland, is fully responsible for the balance of the hormones. Diseases and malfunctions of these organs can lead to hormonal imbalance, which, in the opinion of the supporters of the endocrine theory and leads to the development of unhealthy cells of the dermis.
Imbalance can often arise during puberty, the menstrual cycle and menopause, as well as in the treatment of hormonal means and under the influence of some other reasons.
It is important to note that in terms of modern research it does not prove the effect of hormones on the occurrence of psoriasis, so this theory remains only speculation.
This is one of the young theories, which believe that the appearance of the disease may occur due to severe stress and psychosomatic disorders. The theory is also not proven, its supporters are conducting research to this day.
The occurrence of the disease neurogenic theory explains the development of a vasculomotor neurosis in the walls and muscles of the blood vessels. This process can cause narrowing of the vascular walls, resulting in greatly reduced blood circulation.
The theory is also not proven, but many studies confirm the fact that most of the patients experienced exacerbation of psoriasis or have arisen for the first time after severe emotional stress and worries.
It should be noted that the direct connection between viruses and psoriasis are not identified. Only confirmed the fact that after certain diseases caused by different viruses, psoriasis can worsen. Experts connect it not with the viral origin of the disease, but rather with the emergence of the disease due to severe complications of the immune system.
Almost all patients with psoriasis scientists have discovered the following deviations:
- The overall body temperature of patients with pathology is somewhat lower than in healthy people. This indicates a slow exchange process.
- Another factor that unites all the patients is the increase in blood cholesterol levels. As you know the presence of cholesterol in blood in large amounts can reduce the level of lipid metabolism. This can provoke the appearance on the skin characteristic of the disease of the membranes of the dermis.
- Another factor is a significant reduction in all patients of vitamins in the body. Most patients noted a lack of b vitamins, but, interestingly, in the epidermis vitamin C was present even in excess.
Which could trigger the development of the disease
Psoriasis and its treatment is a very complex process that is often complicated by many factors. It can be both external and internal influence that may cause aggravation of the disease or its initial appearance. Thus, the factors able to cause disease include:
- Psychosomatic disorders. Every day many people experience many stresses and emotional stresses. It may be problems at work, quarrels with relatives, loss of relatives, and more. Answering the question of how to deal with psoriasis doctors in one voice say – try to avoid stress and nervous feelings.
- Another reason of the disease is the transfer of patients to infectious diseases, and chronic inflammatory processes, in consequence of neglected diseases. Also the impetus to pathological processes in the skin may be the use of certain drugs.
- Often the first rash, as well as the relapse occurs due to mechanical damage of the skin. Even a simple bruise or scrape can lead to serious skin problems.
- Hormonal disturbance is another reason that may cause disease.
- Treatment for psoriasis is impossible without abandoning harmful habits. Smoking and alcohol can cause rashes.
- Cure psoriasis can help through diet that excludes foods allergens as well as foods that contain large amounts of fat and carbohydrates.
Treatment for psoriasis is primarily in the exclusion of factors that can exacerbate the disease. If you do not remove the cause of psoriasis to cure almost impossible.
Main types and symptoms of psoriasis
Symptoms of psoriasis can be very diverse. Its manifestations depend on the type of disease. Forms of psoriasis in the medical practice is divided into the following types.
Psoriasis of the scalp
This is one of the most common types. Many patients have encountered this problem and know how unpleasant this condition. Does heal psoriasis of the head? Definitely not, like others of his species. Disease manifests itself in each patient differently. This may be a slight rash in the area of hairline that are accompanied by flaking and dandruff, and can manifest disease large plaques with a rough top and a significant reddening of the skin.
To treat psoriasis this type of need, strongly desirable to let the disease go.
Faced with this type of disease patients is concerned, it is treated psoriasis. After all, pathology is not only much spoils the aesthetic appearance of the plates and leads to a strong distortion, delamination, and even complete loss. Developing this kind of disease is most often compared to other types of the disease and requires a comprehensive and correct treatment.
The fight against psoriasis of the nails is often in an integrated approach and a fairly long-term treatment. The patient should have patience to achieve positive results.
Psoriasis of the hands
Hand, namely the palm is highly susceptible to various mechanical damage and friction. Often, this disease occurs both in men and women. The main manifestations of psoriasis on hands appear calloused education with the flaking, itching and redness. The disease is aggravated by frequent injuries of the skin, as the palm is very moving.
Psoriasis on the face
The appearance of lesions on the face is a very unpleasant as this area is always visible. Patients are puzzled about how to overcome psoriasis of the face. After all, ugly plaque not only deliver severe discomfort on a physical level, but also significant deterioration of the emotional state. A disease of this type may be in any area of the face: cheeks, nose, lips, forehead and chin. The treatment of depriving flake on the face (so often referred to psoriasis) is a complex process.
Psoriasis on the feetIs very similar to disease on the hands. This form can affect the inner thighs, knee-joints, rarely the feet. Characteristic symptoms are itching, flaking and inflammation.
Common pathology, found in many patients of different age groups. Affects the outer surface of the elbows. Externally, the disease resembles the appearance on the skin white or grey film in the form of so-called shell. Elbow psoriasis cure is not a difficult, and often has a favorable prognosis for the patients.
The most mild form of the disease. While in the skin of the patient there are individual plaques that pose little discomfort for the patient. Psoriasis vulgaris can be treated by means of local application and adherence to simple preventive measures.
SeborrheicVery similar to dermatitis. This type is characterized by redness and peeling of the skin. Found on the head, hairy part and ears.
Often develops after the transfer of viral and infectious diseases. Looks like little red blobs that are framed by a white border. Often peeling do not exist at all. Spreading the disease to all parts of the body may be sporadic lesions or a large number of them.
Methods of treatment of psoriasis
Most patients faced with this disease have no idea how to get rid of psoriasis. In addition, people simply do not know whether to be treated this pathology. Later in the article we will try to understand, what methods of treatment of the disease and treatment of psoriasis.
Before starting treatment, each patient must remember that psoriasis is incurable. Treatment is always aimed solely at addressing the symptoms, strengthening the immune system, and to achieve stable remission.
Methods for the treatment of psoriasis are quite diverse and consist in the use of the following methods:
- Unconventional alternative treatment.
- Application of methods of folk medicine.