For today experts allocate four full stages of psoriasis, each of which has its own specific characteristics. Their speed of development depends on the degree of resistance of the organism, duration of exposure to a provoking factor, the General health of the patient, etc.
In General, we can distinguish the following stages of development of psoriasis:
Primary , also called early.
Progressive , which is a period of exacerbation of the disease.
Stationary , during which the disease is not spreading and is not progressing.
retrogressive, which is characterized mainly by recovery of the patient and disappearance of some or all of the symptoms.
Thus, we can conclude that psoriasis has completely different from each other stage, which implies the need for their correct determination and selection of appropriate treatment methods.
The initial stage of psoriasis
At the initial stage of development of psoriasis are the symptoms do not bring a sick person significant discomfort. In this phase, possible rapid spreading skin lesions on large areas of skin. The problem looks like the plural formation of papules that are round with clear boundaries.
At the initial stage of psoriasis specific feature of the disease is the appearance of silvery-white scales. They are almost not connected
ramus cutaneus cover, therefore, any mechanical action can easily peel and fall off.
the papules of psoriasis which are formed on the skin, begin to merge into a big blur. It in turn becomes more visible to others. Thereafter the active process of disease progression, which meant his transition to the next stage of development.
How to recognize psoriasis at an early stage
Early stage of development of psoriasis is the period when it is very important to notice changes in the appearance of the skin. If you do, then attempt to treat the disease, there is a high probability of provoking a quick remission.
To recognize psoriasis in the early stages with the following characteristics:
The emergence of the phenomenon stearin spot. In the implementation of scraping the top layer of dry skin flakes easily fall off, exposing the surface which is quite similar in appearance to a drop of stearin.
The emergence of the phenomenon of thermal film. If you completely remove scales and stearin spot, you can reach smooth surface, which is reminiscent of the film.
The manifestation of the phenomenon of "blood dew". If the film is damaged start to be a drop of blood. This is due to the fact that close to the surface of the skin is a large number of capillaries are relatively thin walls.
To prevent further development of psoriasis after an early stage of its appearance, it is time to notice the signs of illness and begin therapy,
cum stetissent her.
The treatment of the disease at the initial stage
If you start treatment of psoriasis at an early stage, there is a high probability of preventing serious consequences of the disease and its transition into the chronic process.
One of the most effective, popular and fairly well-known drugs that are used once the skin lesions, the ointment is salicylic. It helps to eliminate the inflammatory process and to remove the scaly layer. To combat itching, you should use naphthalene ointment. In some cases, doctors prescribe hormonal medications. Their advantage is that they quickly affect the disease. Among the disadvantages of such drugs, you can highlight the impossibility of their long-term use causes addiction.
In General, the treatment early stages of psoriasis consists of the following parts:
A waiver of any bad habits.
Compliance with the rules of the diet.
Local application of preparations based on vitamins.
Use system tools for large-scale skin lesions.
Effect on the skin by using ultraviolet light.
The application of some sedative drugs.
If you treat psoriasis at an early stage, progressive stage does not arise.
Progressive stage of psoriasis
Progressing psoriasis is a second exacerbation of the disease.The syndrome consists of the following signs of illness:
The appearance of new skin lesions in the form of papules on
flexura surfaces of the extremities. Then the disease spreads to the torso, head, etc.
The papules merge into a single formation, which is characterized by a silver tint on the background of redness.
The appearance on the surface of the formation constantly
squamea convolvens scales.
The continuation of the inflammatory process, is manifested in the form of hyperemic edges of the affected areas.
At this stage of the disease there is a phenomenon Kebnera. It is a damage to healthy skin areas and turning them into new psoriatic plaques.
Treatment of progressive stage of psoriasis
Progressive severe psoriasis should be treated with caution and care. To manage the process needs an experienced dermatologist.To do without systemic therapy in such cases is impossible.
The patient is most often assigned to the injecting of the drug, as sodium thiosulfate is an (30 %). It is also recommended gemodez, which is carried out in a day, and injections intramuscularly every day sodium gluconate, at a dose equal to 10 mm.
Due to the fact that on the progressive stage of psoriasis fastest are deposited in the body various toxins, they should begin using sorbents. Against the background of these drugs are also used by various local medicines in the form of ointments and creams.
To reinforce the treatment of the disease can various physiotherapy and instrumental methods.
Stationary phase of psoriasis
If timely and correctly as possible to treat psoriasis its severe form will retreat. It will be replaced by a stationary phase characterized by a gradual recovery of the sick or cessation of progression of the disease.
This stage of disease is characterized by the following features:
The patient completely stops the process of appearance of new lesions.
Existing plaques stop its spread.
Symptom Kebnera disappears.
Itching and discomfort go away.
The inflammatory process is reduced, as evidenced by the care of redness of the edges of the formations.
Flaking of plaques smooth.
Stationary phase suggests that psoriasis is, and its treatment is effective.
Inpatient stages of psoriasis
At the stationary stage of psoriasis, doctors often recommend the use of local medicines and the impact of instrumental techniques. In most cases, prescribe medicines on the basis of tar, products of oil refining.
Systemic therapy is used only when skin lesions are still quite significant. This is done by exposure of the body with ultraviolet light and PUVA radiation. If the disease does not respond to this, doctors prescribe drugs which belong to the class of antimetabolites.
In rare cases, at this stage in severe disease prescribe immunosuppressants. First of all it concerns the pharmacokinetics of Cyclosporine And If the redness persists, experts recommend the use of Erythromycin.
Diet food for psoriasis is one of the parts of a complete and complex treatment of this disease. When the disease is not recommended to use the following types of foods:
Some types of spices. This is primarily due to high concentration of various essential oils.
Nuts. First of all it is necessary to restrict the eating hazelnuts, peanuts and walnuts. They are among the most popular allergens.
Spicy, smoked and salted products. Such food leads to the fact that in the digestive tract become less absorbed nutrients.
Citrus fruits. First of all, the prohibition applies to the fruit peel as it is toxic to a sick person. It is worth noting that in its crude form is used for making juices, so they also should not be used.
Fatty types of meat. Due to the fact that in them is arachidonic acid that can trigger inflammation, it is not recommended to eat.
Spirits. This applies, in particular, and alcoholic beverages.
In General, being overweight can lead to metabolic disturbances, which only aggravates the psoriasis. Therefore, the weight of his body to the sick people should watch with extreme care.
Due to the fact that the doctors at the moment know the factors that trigger psoriasis, they created a list of rules of prevention, which can prevent the development or progression of the disease. It consists of the following:
It is necessary to avoid any damage top the skin. This applies to injuries, bumps, scratches, sun and chemical burns.
Should regularly moisturize the skin with special cosmetics, if there is increased dryness.
You need to protect your body from infectious diseases and, in the case of infection immediately begin appropriate therapy of the disease.
It is necessary to abandon an unfavorable habits. This applies particularly to alcohol abuse and Smoking.
Avoid stress, and significant emotional shocks (both negative and positive).
To take medicines is necessary only in accordance with the instruction and guidance of a physician.