Psoriasis is a chronic disease of the skin, which is non-infectious in nature. It occurs most often after 30 years and affects people regardless of their gender. Today, there are several varieties of this disease, which have their own specific characteristics and nature of the flow. Plantar psoriasis is one of its most prominent forms, with quite extensive symptoms.
Physiology of development of the disease
Psoriasis is a common disease that is diagnosed every year a huge number of people. This pattern is due to a variety of forms of disease which differ in their structure and characteristics. Palmar-plantar variant is one of the most frequently diagnosed among all others. It accounts for up to 25% of all cases and is characterized by the appearance of papular rash a reddish-silver color, which affects exclusively plantar part of the foot and the palm of your hand.
Education and the development of the disease is accompanied by the growth of the epidermis and roughening of the upper layers of the skin, called hyperkeratosis. Such features lead to the appearance of calluses that have a high sensitivity and is able to deliver a lot of discomfort. As a rule, they are round or oval in shape and represent a kind plaques covered with small light scales.
The main causes of intensifying the autoimmune characteristics of the body
Plantar psoriasis can develop as a result of a huge number of factors both external and internal properties. In some cases, the disease symptoms manifested because of a violation of metabolic processes in the body, and in others they develop as a reaction to certain stimuli.
A disease delivers not only serious discomfort, but also leads to disruption of the emotional state, which inevitably affects their health and the effectiveness of treatment.
Most often the catalyst for the development of the disease are the following factors:
- the use of chemical means;
- contact with aggressive toxic substances;
- transferred streptococcal infection;
- systematic stress;
- hormonal imbalances;
- bad habits;
- eating disorders.
The above factors do not necessarily lead to the development of plantar psoriasis, but their combination increases the probability of its formation several times. The main condition for the development of the pathological process is the inhibition of immune characteristics of the organism, with the result that it cannot respond to different kinds of stimuli.
Form of the disease and their characteristics
Plantar psoriasis has several forms, which differ not only in the structure of manifestation, but the General nature of the disease. They look as follows:
- psoriasis vulgaris;
- vesicular-pustular inflammation.
These types of diseases are diagnosed often have many differences from each other.
Vulgar type plantar psoriasis also called the normal and is characterized by the appearance of dense foci with pronounced distinction. They have the right round shape and are located on the same level with the surface of the skin.
On the appearance of a neoplasm can be presented in two main States: in the form of plaques, which consist of depilatus epithelium, or papules formed from particles of skin. Based on the structure of manifestation, this form of psoriasis sounds like papular — plaque.
The surface of the neoplasm covered with silvery-white plaques that consist of exfoliated skin. The characteristic feature of this species plantar psoriasis is not only peeling of the epithelium, but its a bad unit. In turn, attempts to peel the affected skin lead to injury of tissues and education of RAS.
Psoriasis vulgaris is able to grow as most of the foot and goes to the edge of the sole. The development of the disease is accompanied by infiltration and severe keratosis that contribute to the formation of cracks. In some cases they can reach the lower, more sensitive layers of the epithelium, causing pain and infection leads to suppuration of the tissues.
vesicular-pustular inflammation, which is also referred to as psoriasis Barbera, characterized by the formation of pustules. They are small bumps located on the surface of the skin and filled with pus. Such manifestations are accompanied by infiltration of tissues, which leads to the proliferation of inflammatory foci.
Barbera psoriasis can appear over the entire surface of the foot, but most often it develops on the fingers, hitting the soft tissue, and is observed on the arch of the foot.
vesicular-pustular psoriasis causes only local discomfort that occurs in the field of development of ulcer, and is characterized by the development of recurrent phenomena. Over time the pustules are opened, their content comes out, and the place of their localization and specific covered by dry crust.
Symptoms of plantar psoriasis is quite diverse, its primary features are rash. Based on the shape and intensity of the disease, there are other manifestations that can deliver significant discomfort. They look as follows:
- the formation of cracks;
- a feeling of tightness of the skin;
- pain when walking;
- change the appearance of the epithelium;
- the defeat of the nail.
- formation of the typical crust.
These symptoms occur gradually and describe the disease severity. Her education is characterized by the appearance of plaques, which gradually grow and marvel at all the large areas of skin. Ignoring the primary symptoms leads to the development of other symptoms, which bring not only severe discomfort, but also can affect emotional state.
The role of medical treatment in overcoming the problem
Treatment of plantar psoriasis is quite lengthy and involves the use of an integrated approach. The appearance of the primary symptoms of the disease serves as a signal for immediate treatment to the doctor. Only it is based on visual inspection, the clinical picture of the development of plaques and the results of necessary tests, determines the composition of the therapy, and picks up medicines. In General, treatment of plantar psoriasis can be divided into two categories:
System schematic method involves the treatment of symptoms of the disease with medication and other means. Its purpose is to reduce the uncontrolled division of cells, provoke the formation of foci of hyperkeratosis and a reduction in the activity of autoimmune processes in the body. The composition of such directions can include the following medications:
- Cytotoxic drugs to reduce the uncontrolled division and growth of cells.
- Retinoids are used in the diagnosis of severe forms of psoriasis and aimed at neutralizing the negative symptoms.
- Cyclosporine ICI rich in immunosuppressive components which show a high effectiveness in the neutralization of pustular forms of inflammation.
In addition to the above medication in the systemic therapy can include other tools, like chemical exposure or phototherapy. However, the appointment is made only in extreme cases when the treatment showed positive dynamics.
Local treatment of plantar psoriasis is based on topical application of various drugs. The purpose of this approach is the suppression of inflammation, reducing the negative manifestations of the disease and restore the skin. Based on the tasks, local therapy may include the following:
- Corticosteroids, which are hormonal drugs and have a good anti-inflammatory qualities. The use of such tools allows to speed up the regeneration of tissues and partially block the autoimmune effect.
- Zinc and salicylic ointment reduces the intensity of the inflammatory process and dried ulcers. The result is softening and drying, the faster they ripen and cicatrize.
Components of medical intervention are selected on the basis of symptoms of the disease and the degree of its development. At the same time appoint those or other drugs should a doctor, any self-treatment is prohibited due to a possible deterioration of the situation.
The composition and effectiveness of traditional methods
To increase the positive effects from primary treatment can be with traditional medicine. Such techniques are well tolerated by the body, and their use seldom leads to the formation of side effects. Quite often folk remedies appointed the doctor as a complement to medical treatment. As a rule, they are included in the category of local treatment and can be represented in the following forms:
The use of baths with medicinal herbs has a positive effect, contributing to the neutralization of manifestations. Good effect to bring tools such as a succession, chamomile, celandine and St. John's wort. They have anti-inflammatory, drying and antiseptic effect on the plaques, apply them in the form of decoction, in which dip the affected foot. The total duration of treatment should not exceed 15 minutes, and after the end of the legs to dry naturally.
Ointments are another tool used in the topical treatment. They are created with their hands, and their effectiveness against the symptoms of the disease is at a fairly high level. The most popular of them are as follows:
- Tar mixed with birch buds in a ratio of 1:1 and is added to regular vegetable oil. All components are thoroughly mixed, and the finished ointment should be applied in a thin layer on the spots.
- Boiled egg yolk is well crushed and warmed in a frying pan, without adding any additional substances. Datum, in the process, the oil is drained into a separate tank and used for treatment of plaques or papules.
Treatment of plantar psoriasis lotions are also based on the use of decoction of medicinal herbs that have a soothing and disinfecting properties. Some recipes of their creation are as follows:
- Taken Valerian root, series, chamomile, St. John's wort and mixed in equal proportions. After that, the mixture is poured boiling water and infused for 2-3 hours. In a cooled infusion applied on a gauze and fixed by means of a bandage over the source of inflammation.
- Connect licorice, succession, oregano and celandine in the ratio of 1:1. Next, the mixture is poured a glass of water and put on fire, where he is brought to a boil and boil for 15-20 minutes. A decoction is used to create lotions and need to keep it in a dark cool place.
People's techniques are able to accelerate the treatment of plantar psoriasis, but they are only auxiliary and can not replace the main treatment.
Diet for plantar psoriasis
Between diet and development of psoriasis there is a definite connection. On this basis, the diet for psoriasis are aimed at reducing the total load on the body. It is based on the dietary guidelines and is intended to stabilize the course of metabolic processes. The diet is based on the following principles:
- complete elimination of alcohol;
- smaller meals 5-6 times a day;
- the refusal of fried, spicy food and smoked meats;
- decrease salt intake;
- the exception of canned foods, chips and other products containing harmful additives;
- waiver of citrus and other fruits, which enhance the allergenic load on the body;
- exception of fast carbs and saturated fats;
- the inclusion in the diet of various cereals and cereals;
- daily consumption of dairy products.
The use of these principles will not only help to reduce the load on the body, but helps to strengthen the body and normalize its work. That is a very important factor in dealing with any autoimmune diseases and plantar psoriasis including.
The role of prevention in the fight against plantar psoriasis is difficult to overestimate. The purpose of such measures is to prevent re-development of the disease, and their orientation one chooses for himself.
Normalizing power is a step in the right direction, because it significantly reduces the risk of re-development of symptoms of the disease and normalizes the activity of the organism as a whole. In addition, a balanced diet promotes weight loss, it is also a positive factor.
Active lifestyle and exercise not only make the human body stronger in a physical sense, but also in relation to different kinds of viruses and pathogenic bacteria. The correct and proper immune system re-development of diseases such as foot psoriasis becomes impossible.