Spot is the primary symptom of psoriasis. Spot is the most important symptom by which the disease is diagnosed. And finally, the spot is something that can become a cause of concern for the rest of your life even after psoriasis go into remission.
The nature and characteristics of psoriasis
The stain psoriasis is noted in 80% of all suffering from this disease people. The localization of the spots may depend on the type of psoriasis, and the reasons that caused the disease.
Although this disease is known to mankind for hundreds of years, its etiology is not foolproof. Naturally, the fight with him is complicated by the fact that there is no practical opportunity to remove the cause of the disease.
Likely causes of psoriasis
Nevertheless, even in the early years of the nineteenth century, the British physician Robert Willan. together with a group of his students was able to describe the symptoms of this disease. In the future, with the participation of Austrian and German dermatologists, managed to establish the genetic roots of the disease.
Research these doctors demonstrated a direct relationship of psoriasis with impaired functions of internal organs. As it turned out, these pathological disturbances often occur at the cellular level.
In the same disease, as was proved in the course of these studies, has a genetic predisposition.
Etiology of psoriasis more have been widely researched in the twentieth century, when it was discovered strong evidence of the presence in the causes of disease immunological factors and the influence of disorders in metabolic processes.
Currently, this disease affects more than 4% of the world population. And it's a concern of representatives of official medicine. This trend and the dynamics of the disease symptoms motivated by medical research institutions to continue research into the causes and effective methods of influence. Created by a special international Association which brings together dermatologists who deal with problems of this disease, from 35 States.
Thus, the number of relevant and scientifically based (though not always proven) causes of a disease are called:
- genetic predisposition of the body;
- hereditary factor;
- pathology of system of a metabolism;
- failures in the functionality of immune system.
With some degree of conviction by some physicians as another reason referred to problems with the nervous system and emotional state. Frequent stress, depressive symptoms, nervous irritability can theoretically serve as a source of psoriasis. But in any case, even if this theory does not receive a confirmation in the future, stress and psychological aspects, it is impossible to remove - it is absolutely certain that these factors can be provoking if already existing illness, and is able to influence its progression.
As precipitating factors are often referred to as infectious agents - viruses and bacteria, as well as climatic conditions. Prolonged exposure to ultraviolet radiation (for example, ordinary sunlight) also notes the episodes of flares of skin lesions.
Relatively immune theory of the origin of the disease was disagreement in the medical environment, which remains unresolved. It is noticed that the symptoms begin to manifest in increased activity of immune cells. Meanwhile, following this pattern, the psoriasis should not be manifested in those who suffer from the insufficient activity of the immune system. In particular, this pattern is observed in AIDS patients and HIV-infected people. However, they also are prone to a disease that caused this medical paradox.
Spot in psoriasis and other symptoms
As mentioned in the beginning, the spots are the main symptom on the basis of which the doctor can set the diagnosis. During the clinical examination, the dermatologist draws attention to the nature of the skin lesion, rash or her absence, the localization of the lesion and other symptoms.
But before to familiarize themselves with the symptoms that manifest in the form of spots, it is important to learn about other signs of the disease. They are often not so noticeable, and sometimes to identify them only through laboratory examination.
Sami spots psoriasis is difficult to confuse with similar characteristics in other dermatological diseases. However, the probability of error cannot be ruled out. Especially at the initial stage, when the spots are just starting to emerge, and yet formed the rash.
Progress psoriasis starts not with the formation of lesions. This process is preceded by depression of the patient, lack of energy, low body resistance. As a result, the first plan can go out the secondary signs of the disease, which appeared on the background of reducing the activity of the immune body.
Often this is manifested by prolonged fever, changes in physiological parameters - pressure, pulse, breathing rate. In some cases there is cough, shortness of breath.
However, can show signs of psychological disorders - severe agitation or, conversely, depression and depression. Aggravates these signs are the formation of lesions. Even their appearance causes stress even in healthy people.
Signs of disease progression
Already in the first days of the disease manifested its characteristic symptoms - spots:
- They are first pale pink, often clear boundaries. Initially, the lesions are no visible entities in the form of papules.
- After the clinical picture is modified, especially if timely measures are not taken to eliminate the symptoms and the disease itself.
- The lesions gradually blush even more, acquiring over time a dark brown shade.
- Where the lesions become visible education - papular point filled with a small amount of clear liquid.
- Simultaneously, at this stage, begin to cause unpleasant symptoms - itching and soreness. By scratching the affected area of the hearth takes the form of stearic spots.
- In the next phase, which could begin in 1-2 days, indicated the formation of necrotic plaques, which are a consequence of necrosis of the upper layer of the skin.
- During this period, and until the complete remission of the skin is exfoliation of the top layer of dead cells, the peeling, the formation of new papules and progression of the lesion.
Themselves of the papules, at first inconspicuous, gradually grow to the size of 15-20 mm, towering above the skin surface. And inside them starts the conversion of exudative fluid. She's in a few days becomes turbid and begins to break through the top layer of dead cells.
This pattern causes the depressive state of the patient, which, as already noted, is the precipitating factor of the disease. Thus, a vicious circle in which the symptoms give rise to etiological factor, and the disease continues to progress.
The period of remission
With timely treatment the spots after the psoriasis gradually reduced. Simultaneously with the lesions decreasing in size and papules - the diameter is reduced, they are compared in height with the level of the skin and then gradually disappear.
The things are more complicated by the spots after psoriasis. They, as a disturbing reminder of an incurable disease, to remain on the body of the sick person. And they do not disappear even when the process is complete remission.
Meanwhile, the nature of the spots is changed. Their boundaries remain clear. But pigmentation pink or Burgundy color is markedly reduced. Is a pale shade, which makes the spots after the psoriasis is less noticeable.
By themselves, these formations do not cause anxiety to the patient. During remission is pain, itching, and other discomfort. But the appearance of such spots can have a negative effect on the psychological and emotional state. Especially when lesions were formed on the visible parts of the body.
To restore the natural color of the skin, it is almost impossible. The cause of the physiological processes that occur in the patient with psoriasis. The immune system produces special hormones, antibodies and blood cells, to actively resist the development of pigment cells. As a result, there is a loss of cells and the body are whole pockets deprived of their natural pigmentation.
How to deal with stains after the remission of psoriasis
Dermatologists recommend not to abuse poorly known methods of eliminating spots after psoriasis, abounding in folk medicine. Unreasonable and uncontrolled use of such tools can cause a relapse and progression of the disease.
Not worth it as a means to mask the use of natural or artificial tan - the ultraviolet rays emanating from the sun or UV lamps in uncontrolled amounts can cause harm and provoke repeated episodes of the disease.
At the same time, the UV irradiation may be an effective means of treatment, but subject to moderate dosing.
Frequent exposure to the sun it is necessary to use a special cream with UV degree of protection not less than 20 SPF. Some degree of effectiveness demonstrates castor oil should be used twice throughout the day.
Certain results are achieved when using salicylic ointment, salicylic paste with zinc. But it should be used only as directed by your doctor. The effect of spots removal is marked for external use of tar and products on its basis, naphthalene ointment.
If it is not contrary to the scheme of the treatment and causes of relapse, to eliminate the effects of psoriasis in patches can be used cucumber juice with hydrogen peroxide, Apple cider vinegar (helps when Troubleshooting blue spots after psoriasis). Also on the recommendation of a dermatologist, you can apply a tincture of marshmallow, rhubarb root. With the defeat of large areas of the body allowed a surgical procedure of removing the stains.
All tools and procedures should be used under the supervision of a doctor to spot after the treatment of psoriasis and their removal did not cause relapses and complications.