One of the very common skin diseases is psoriasis. Pathology is not a contagious autoimmune in nature and occurs in patients, regardless of gender. To date, psoriasis often occurs in both adults and children. The majority of experts link the pathology with violation of metabolic processes in the body, a failure in immune protection and some other factors such as heredity, trauma and allergies.
Psoriasis in adults today is quite an important topic, so still not managed to create drugs that can get rid of the disease forever. The disease is considered incurable. Characteristic of her is the constant change of periods of calm relapses, and Vice versa.
What occurs psoriasis and what are its main manifestations?
According to scientists psoriasis occurs as a result of the different impacts of internal and external nature on the human body. In a healthy person synthesis and cell division takes place in 30 – 35 days, with such skin diseases as psoriasis this process is shortened ten times. Because of this still-immature cells of the dermis separating between them the connection is lost and the skin form characteristic of dermatitis scales.
The causes of pathology
The exact causes of the disease today cannot figure out. There are theories that are not officially confirmed. To factors that can trigger the initial development of psoriasis or its exacerbation include:
- genetic predisposition;
- diseases of the organs of the endocrine system;
- violation of metabolic processes in the body;
- trauma to the skin;
- effect on the dermis a variety of chemical media;
- the transfer of infectious diseases;
- bad habits;
- an improper diet.
The risk of disease is increased significantly when all of the possible causes of psoriasis. Also, the disease often develops on the background of weakening of immunity, after taking some drugs, and in patients who experience frequent stress and nervous tension.
Symptoms or begins psoriasis
The symptoms you describe, having considered such a thing as psoriatic triad. Thus, what it is:
- Stearin macula. The first manifestations of psoriasis is the appearance on various parts of the body plaques, covered with scales. Stearin macula this phenomenon is called in medical practice because of the similarity scales with stearin. When attempting to remove flaky skin, the number of scales increases.
- The terminal film. If you clean the skin from peeling, on their site you can watch the smooth red surface with a very thin skin. The film will be easily damaged and can bleed.
- Bloody dew. After damage or removal of the film in its place drops of blood. This concept has received the name of bloody dew.
In addition to the symptoms of psoriasis may include the following symptoms:
- redness of the skin;
- the appearance of pustules (in pustular psoriasis);
- when nail psoriasis suffer from the nail plate of a human and the skin around them;
- erythroderma provokes local and General fever;
- swollen lymph nodes;
- deterioration of General health, poor sleep, irritability, fatigue.
All these signs indicate the development of psoriasis. It is very important when detecting red spots an the body to consult a dermatologist. Early diagnosis of the disease will help to avoid complications in the future.
Treatment of psoriasis in adults
Psoriasis is a severe autoimmune disease. For optimum results, treatment of pathology must be comprehensive. To do this, to get rid of lesions using the following methods.
- Treatment of plaques on the outside.
- The use of drugs for domestic reception.
- The use of traditional medicine.
Than smear platelet?
For topical treatment of rashes, provoked by the pathology in modern medicine, the use of various ointments, creams, lotions and shampoos. Also often use coal-tar soap.
In the initial stages of the disease, it is recommended to apply ointments on the soft natural basis. These include the following tools:
- salicylic ointment;
- zinc paste;
- preparations on the basis of tar and solidol;
- ointment Vishnevsky and many others.
Feature of these drugs is their relative safety and low side effects. A positive effect is achieved through a rather long period of time, however, the positive side of the use of such drugs is the lack of effect of habituation and withdrawal of the drug.
When complications of psoriasis doctors prescribe drugs that have hormones. In medical practice are drugs called corticosteroids. Hormone treatment is more effective, but often cause many side effects in the kidneys, liver, heart, and cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
The use of such funds is permitted strictly according to the scheme prescribed by the doctor. Self-medication can cause a number of severe complications.
Preparations for internal ingestion
Because psoriasis is a systemic disease, its treatment should bear a comprehensive character. In addition to topical products also use the following groups of drugs:
- Anti-Allergy remedies.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- The immunomodulators.
Methods of physiotherapy
Modern medicine is widely used for getting rid of plaques the following forms of physiotherapy treatment:
- Selective therapy.
- The laser treatment.
- Ultrasonic therapy.
In addition, the treatment of psoriasis is in the resorts and sanatoriums. The possibility of taking mud baths, the use of mineral waters, vitamin therapy and proper nutrition can significantly reduce symptoms of disease and to achieve remission of psoriasis.
Recipes of traditional medicine
Treatment of psoriasis using the methods of folk medicine also gives excellent results in the fight against acne. Most often for getting rid of pathology use herbs, bee products, tar, grease, medical and many other products of natural origin.
Thus, consider a few popular recipes for the treatment of diseases in adults:
Ointment based on propolis
Many people know about the properties of such a natural product as propolis. The product has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, locally irritant property. Psoriasis propolis is placed in water bath (need 150 grams of product). After softening of the product adds it to a tablespoon of medical solidol and 10 drops of sea buckthorn oil. All components are thoroughly mix and leave to cool. The resulting ointment is applied in a thin layer on the plaque 3-4 times a day.
Use sea salt
Sea salt has a excellent effect for removing plaque, healing of skin, promote blood circulation, and improve tone of the dermis. For the treatment uses baths with sea salt and hot compresses. Baths recommended with extensive lesions of the skin. In cases of dissemination of plaques on some parts of the body you can use the compress. For this purpose in warm water, dissolve sea salt (2 tbsp in 500 ml water). In the resulting tool, moisten the gauze and apply to the affected areas of the skin.
Ointment on the basis of tar
To prepare the ointment necessary to take a tablespoon of birch tar and the same amount of vaseline. Also the tool is required to add 10 drops of sea buckthorn oil. All components are thoroughly mix and applied on the skin in areas of lesions. The treatment lasts until the complete purification of the skin.
Treatment of psoriasis is quite a long and troublesome process. When faced with this disease you should be patient. Correct therapy and prevention adherence will bring the desired result and will save you from unpleasant plaques and papules on the body.