Psoriasis is among the most common dermatological lesions which are noninfectious in nature. The rash of this disease occur on the feet, scalp and on other body parts. It is also characterized by a chronic course with frequent exacerbations and periods of remission. Psoriasis on legs occur in many patients, the main symptom is the formation of small spots with white or gray scales on the skin surface of lower limbs. Pathology is not transmitted from one person to another, so to get even in close contact with the patient impossible.
Causes of psoriasis
According to statistics, the disease occurs equally in men and women, and the age of the patient also plays a significant role. However, the true causes of psoriasis on feet and other areas of the human body is unknown to science, despite the many clinical studies on this topic. Pathology is very difficult, therefore, to detect the main sources of its origin still failed. But doctors have identified several risk factors, the most likely to develop psoriatic disease.
- Frequent injury of the skin of the feet, in particular in the field of fingers.
- Genetic predisposition.
- Hormonal changes.
- Frequent stress, psycho-emotional activity.
- Infectious lesions of the body.
- Intoxication syndrome.
- Violations of metabolic processes.
- Excessive dryness of the skin of the feet.
- Improper foot care, use of poor quality cosmetics.
- Disorders in the endocrine system.
- Chemical and thermal burns.
- Excessive hygiene.
- Alcoholic intoxication.
- Varicose disease of the veins in the legs.
- Allergic reactions.
- The weakening of the immune defenses.
- Pathology of lipid metabolism.
- Long-term use of drugs.
Often there is a seasonal progression of the disease. Causes of psoriasis that occurs on the feet, depending on the time of year:
- The aggravation due to exposure to UV radiation is the summer psoriasis.
- Aggravation under the influence of frost is the winter psoriasis.
- Not a seasonal or year-round form of the disease, which occurs without periods of remission.
Varieties of the disease
There are several types and forms of psoriasis of the feet:
- The usual psoriasis. It is the most common pathology in which the skin of the feet are formed of silver or grey plaques that are combined with each other, forming large foci of inflammation. Usually the disease affects the foot, ankle and knees.
- Generalized Pustular psoriasis is the most severe form of the disease, which is also called exudative psoriasis, disease Tsumbush. Education bubble filled with red liquid, normally opened, and when the penetration of infection the risk of sepsis. This pathology most commonly affects the lower legs (feet, shins, knees).
- Plantar pustules, in which the feet appear pus formation, prone to sprawl and spread. The main adverse effect is permanent mechanical damage to the ulcer during walking.
- Acrodermatitis – non-infectious form of psoriasis that occurs on the toes, on the feet and other parts of the lower extremities. The disease can cause delamination of the nail plate.
- Guttate psoriasis is often occurs due to streptococcal infection. Characterized by a punctate rash.
- Psoriatic arthropathy is the internal form of disease, in which there is a loss of knee and hip joints, connective tissue. The main symptom – swelling of the toes, in this pathology is a high probability of immobilization and disability.
- Psoriasis flexor areas of the knees and hips.
If to judge according to the clinical manifestations, psoriasis is divided into:
- Vulgar or common.
Signs and stages of the disease
Psoriasis on the soles and in other parts of the feet brings a lot of inconvenience due to cracking of the skin, which itches and itches, limbs swell and hurt. For this pathology is characterized by frequent change of periods of remissions and exacerbations when all the symptoms first subside and then come back with a Bang.
The disease usually affects the following areas:
- Of the foot.
The typical symptoms occur:
- At the initial stage the symptoms of psoriasis on the feet is negligible. Usually appear small pimples, which, after growing, begins to peel, covered with scales and blending in the characteristic psoriatic plaque.
- With the progression of the pathology is the rapid spread of the rash, the development of inflammation, accompanied by intense itching. Particularly active lesions are formed in areas where the integrity of the skin. Formed before the platelets start to peel off strongly. The hardest psoriasis occurs on the feet as the skin in this area is constantly exposed to mechanical stress as a result of walk.
- At stationary stage, the disease does not progress, but does not pass, there is only an intensive exfoliation of the skin and itching.
- The regressive stage is characterized by disappearance of the rash and pigmentation in the epidermis in the affected areas.
Specifics of psoriasis on the feet can be seen and look at the appropriate photo.
Competent treatment of psoriasis involves the implementation of the whole complex of therapeutic measures aimed at reduction of pathological symptoms. The great value has the careful care of the feet, the timely replacement of socks, disinfecting and moisturizing the skin, as well as the choice of an appropriate Shoe that does not press, does not hinder movement and does not hurt.
The approximate scheme of treatment of psoriasis on feet
- External therapy, which involves the use of ointments, gels, and other local funds for the anti-inflammatory effect.
- Systemic therapy is a medication inside. Usually assigned an immunostimulating drug, antihistamines, hormones, sedatives, vitamins, cytostatics, etc.
- The popular treatment is using natural remedies to reduce the symptoms of psoriasis.
- Physiotherapy treatments – phototherapy, laser radiation, cryotherapy etc.
- Adherence to the therapeutic diet.
To eliminate psoriasis on the feet and other parts of the legs recommended physiotherapy as a Supplement to a holistic therapy. But they cannot be used in the acute stage, physiotherapy is indicated only in the stationary phase of disease and during remission.
The most effective methods:
- Ultraviolet irradiation.
- Laser therapy.
- Ultrasonic treatment.
- Laser photochemotherapy.
It is very important to take proper care of the feet, psoriasis. The skin in this pathology needs regular hydration and nutrition, especially after hygienic procedures.
To enhance the therapeutic effect from medical treatment you can use several popular recipes to reduce inflammation and prevent the spread of the rash to reduce itching and painful sensations:
- Ointment from propolis and melted butter.
- Crushed celandine mixed with vaseline.
- Ointment with propolis, vitamin A and warm butter.
- A mixture of honey and glycerin.
- A mixture of medical solidol, bee honey and baby cream.
- A mixture of salicylic acid, birch tar and castor oil.
- Juice of celandine.
- A poultice of raw potatoes.
- Tea tree oil with essential extracts of lavender, rosemary, almond.
- A mixture of Kalanchoe juice, honey and eucalyptus oil.
- Compress with Apple cider vinegar.
To treat psoriasis you need inside and out, to comply with all medical recommendations for medication. No less important is diet, which provides for the exclusion from the diet of sweets, meats, alcohol and other harmful products. Recommended increased consumption of fermented milk products and plant foods.